Debt-to-Income Ratio

The ratio of debt to income is a formula lenders use to calculate how much money is available for your monthly home loan payment after you have met your various other monthly debt payments.


How to figure the qualifying ratio

Most underwriting for conventional mortgages requires a qualifying ratio of 28/36. FHA loans are less strict, requiring a 29/41 ratio.

The first number in a qualifying ratio is the maximum amount (as a percentage) of gross monthly income that can go to housing (including principal and interest, private mortgage insurance, homeowner's insurance, property tax, and HOA dues).

The second number in the ratio is what percent of your gross income every month which can be applied to housing costs and recurring debt. Recurring debt includes things like vehicle payments, child support and monthly credit card payments.

For example:

28/36 (Conventional)

  • Gross monthly income of $2,700 x .28 = $756 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $2,700 x .36 = $972 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses

With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio

  • Gross monthly income of $2,700 x .29 = $783 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $2,700 x .41 = $1,107 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses


If you want to calculate pre-qualification numbers with your own financial data, feel free to use our very useful Mortgage Loan Pre-Qualification Calculator.

Remember these are only guidelines. We'd be thrilled to pre-qualify you to help you determine how much you can afford. Axiom Lending Group can answer questions about these ratios and many others. Call us: 800-681-1036. Ready to begin? Apply Online Now.

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